Belgrade - Touristic Guide



Belgrade  Belgrade, is the capital and largest city of Serbia.The city lies at the confluence of the Sava and Danube Rivers in north central Serbia, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkan Peninsula.
 With a population of 1,576,124 (2002), Belgrade is the largest city on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, and the fourth largest in Southeastern Europe, behind Istanbul, Athens and Bucharest.

 Belgrade has the status of a separate territorial unit in Serbia, with its own autonomous city government. Its territory is divided into 17 municipalities, each having its own local council. It covers 3.6% of the territory of Serbia, and 21% of the Serbian population (excluding that of the Kosovo province) lives in the city. Belgrade is the central economic hub of Serbia, and the capital of Serbian culture, education and science.
 The tourists who try a good national and international kitchen with wines refine to you will be content with the offer of the greater part of the restaurants of Belgrade.

BelgradeBelgrade is seen one of the most "cool" city of Europe today. Its face by night is extraordinarily alive, push-button, trendy. Restaurants, cafè, premises, meetings and clubs crowd across the river and the ways of the center and are by now become to you, for the native therefore like for the tourists, irrenounceable addresses.
 The climate of Belgrade is much varied one. In winter a wind much cold, the Kosava, hits the city from the northeast. The summer is of usual much warmth, with often advanced temperatures to 40°C. The months with the more pleasant climate are May, september and October.

History  The Neolithic Starčevo and Vinča cultures existed in or near Belgrade and dominated the Balkans about 7,000 years ago. Settled in the third century BC by a Celtic tribe, the Scordisci, the city's first recorded name was Singidūn, before becoming the Roman settlement of Singidunum in the first century AD. Four hundred years later in 395AD, the site passed to the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. To leave from III the century a.C., near Belgrade a celtico takeover was present, subsequently conquered from followed the Romano.In Empire it was conquered before from the Bizantins and then from the Reign of Bulgaria. During the Middle Ages it has become part of the Reign of Serbia.

 Subsequently it has been occupied from 27 Hungary and August 1521 from the Ottomano[1 Empire ]. Belgrade is remained under the power of the Ottomans in order nearly three centuries. Moreover it has been occupied from Austria in order very three times (1688-1690, 1717-1739[2 ], 1789-1791).

 With the escape of last Turks (1867), independence of the Serbia in the 1878 and proclamation of the Reign of Serbia in 1882, Belgrade becomes the city key of the zone of the Balkans, but the Serbia remained an agricultural country highly, a lot that in 1900 the city counted only 69,000 inhabitants.
 After the occupations of the Austro-hungarian troops and that German from the 1915-1918 (First World war), Belgrade has experienced one increase much fast and one considerable modernization like understood them of the new Reign of Yugoslavia in years ' 20. In 1931 the city counted 239,000 inhabitants.

 Belgrad was bombed by the Allies on 6 April 1941, killing about 1,600 people. Both this and the earlier Luftwaffe bombing fell on the Orthodox Christian Easter. Most of the city remained under German occupation until 20 October 1944, when it was liberated by Communist Yugoslav Partisans and the Red Army. On 29 November 1945, Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaimed the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in Belgrade.

 During the post-war period, Belgrade grew rapidly as the capital of the renewed Yugoslavia, developing as a major industrial centre. In 1958, Belgrade's first television station began broadcasting. In 1961, the conference of Non-Aligned Countries was held in Belgrade under Tito's chairmanship. In 1968, major student protests against Tito led to several street clashes between students and the police, ending with Tito's famous saying, "Students are right!". In March 1972, Belgrade was at the centre of the last major outbreak of smallpox in Europe, which, though enforced quarantine and mass vaccination, was contained by late May.

 On 9 March 1991, massive demonstrations guided by Vuk Drašković were held in the city against Slobodan Milošević. According to various media outlets, there were between 100,000 and 150,000 people on the streets. Two people were killed, 203 injured and 108 arrested during the protests, and later that day tanks were deployed onto the streets to restore order.Further protests were held in Belgrade from November 1996 to February 1997 against the same government after electoral selections fraud at local elections.These protests brought Zoran Đinđić to power, the first mayor of Belgrade since World War II who did not belong to the League of Communists of Yugoslavia or its later offshoot, the Socialist Party of Serbia.

 The NATO bombing during the Kosovo War in 1999 caused substantial damage to the city. Among the sites bombed were the buildings of several ministries, the RTS building, which killed 16 technicians, several hospitals, the Jugoslavija Hotel, the Central Committee building, the Avala TV Tower, and the Chinese embassy.
 After the elections in 2000, Belgrade was the site of more major demonstrations, with over half a million people on the streets (800,000 by police estimates, over 1,000,000 according to Misha Glenny).
 These demonstrations resulted in the ousting of president Milošević.